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Classification and Features of Denim Fabrics (Part 1)

Aug. 14, 2020

Denim clothing originated from the styles of clothing worn by young shepherds during the Western Gold Rush in the 1850s, including cowboy hats, denim shirts, denim jackets, jeans, and cowboy boots. The pockets are mainly patch pockets, the bag openings are reinforced with metal rivets, and the obvious marking positions are nailed with metal bronze plates. Choose brick red thick sewing thread, with double open thread and bare stitches. The tops are mostly made of over-the-shoulder structure, the placket has a metal zipper or a metal four-piece rivet button, showing a wild, unruly, self-respecting style.

After the Second World War, denim became popular among young people in American cities. Different from dresses, high-end fashion, etc., it is a bottom-up popular model. The fabrics and styles are free, unrestrained, practical and fashionable. The earliest denim clothing was a brown canvas trousers worn by sailors in the port of Genoa, Italy. In 1858, Bavarian businessman Levi Strauss began to import a fabric from a town in southern France and called it denim. This is a twill fabric with the warp threads dyed dark blue and the weft threads undyed. Since then, dark blue has become a popular color. More than 150 years later, he returned to Europe in the form of blue jeans and became an indispensable fashion outfit for young people at that time. As a result, the President of the United States, in order to please young people, wear jeans on certain occasions to cater to the favor and recognition of young people. Denim has gradually developed into a globalized garment. It was introduced to China in the early 1980s and became popular rapidly. Many people, especially young people, have a soft spot for denim. Jean Fabric manufacturer introduces to you:

1 Denim fabric classification

There are many classification methods for denim fabrics, which can be classified mainly from the raw materials, yarns, weaving, finishing, appearance, etc.

1.1 Different classification of raw materials

The raw material components of denim fabrics can be divided into pure spinning and blended spinning. At first it was mainly pure cotton. Later, in order to improve the wearing characteristics of pure cotton denim, some other chemical fibers such as polyester, acrylic, vinylon, viscose, etc. were added, especially to improve the elasticity of denim, and spandex was added. The stretch denim was once all the rage. In recent years, in order to expand the categories and special needs of denim fabrics, wool, cashmere, silk, hemp and other fibers have been selected to develop special non-cotton denim fabrics with denim style.

1.2 Different classification by spinning method

The original denim fabrics used ring-spun cotton yarn. With the continuous improvement of spinning technology and the emergence of various new spinning methods, the yarn patterns used in denim fabrics have become more numerous, including single yarn, strand, Filament, even multiple strands. There is also a choice of various fancy threads for the decoration and embellishment of denim fabrics, enriching the categories of denim fabrics.

1.3 Different classifications by weaving method

Traditional denim fabrics are mainly woven. The warp threads are first dyed into dark blue, and then have sauce, black and other colors, and then interwoven with the natural weft threads to form a single side of "2 up, 1 down" or "3 up and 1 down" Left or right twill weave, or double-sided left or right twill weave of "2 up, 2 down", "3 up and 3 down". In order to broaden the variety of denim fabrics, some companies have introduced twill changes, twill joint organization and complex organization with twill as the theme. In recent years, some companies have developed knitted fabrics and denim fabrics with special weaving methods.

1.4 Different classification methods in the future

Denim clothing is mainly dyed and finished, and a small amount is made after finishing the fabric. The finishing of garments is mainly divided into two categories, namely, physical and chemical finishing. The former is such as sanding and sandblasting, while the latter has more and more methods. The most basic method for finishing denim clothing is physical and chemical washing, such as general washing, stone washing/stone grinding, sand washing, and destruction washing. With the advancement of science and technology, more and more new washing techniques are emerging. Due to the restriction of production conditions, processing costs and regional environmental protection, the washing processing scale of denim garments is also greatly restricted. Processing is bound to become the direction of future development.

Custom Denim Fabric Made In China

Custom Denim Fabric Made In China

Nowadays, some custom denim fabric made in China undergoes different physical and chemical finishing such as thread embroidery, discharge dyeing, resin, softness, machine embroidery, hot drilling, glue printing, laser and other physical and chemical finishing before proceeding to garment processing. . It is difficult to adapt to different consumer needs with only one kind of washing water processing. Generally, several techniques are used in conjunction with each other. It is required that denim designers must have a good understanding of washing techniques and be able to integrate them so as to maximize the innovation of denim clothing. . The ever-changing washing process is also an important reason for the unabated popularity of denim.

1.5 Classification by appearance style

The style of denim sometimes depends on the style of denim fabrics. They complement each other and are greatly influenced by consumption trends. Denim fabrics mostly have rough, bold, firm, and exaggerated appearance, but there are also delicate, colorful and exquisite special effects. At present, denim fabrics are affected by the popularity of their clothing, and their varieties and styles are gradually diversified, such as denim fabrics such as strong, plaid, jacquard, uneven sliver, and colorful sliver.

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